How to Reduce Food Waste (and Save a Ton of Money)

notebook that says "Weekly Meal Plan" on a table surrounded by peppers, mushrooms, tomatoes and carrots

We know now, more than ever, that our daily choices directly affect the environment, and the health and safety of future generations. We’ve gotten better about recycling, bringing reusable bags to the store, and even using less water.

But there’s one area that needs a lot of improvement, and that’s the food we waste.

Did you know that the food we throw away plays a big role in the health of our environment? According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, Americans waste about 40% of all the food we produce. That equates to throwing away $165 billion dollars each year!

On a large scale, food waste happens in almost every sector of the food chain, from the farm to the table, but a shocking 55-60% of all wasted food is lost at the household level.

This means the power to make a difference is in your hands!

Food Waste and Climate Change

Households throw out limp vegetables. People get confused by food expiration dates. Restaurants often serve huge portions and then trash the leftovers. Grocery stores overstock their shelves to create an image of abundance. Farmers can’t sell produce that doesn’t look perfect.

At the same time, 38 million Americans go without enough to eat every year.

An vast amount of natural resources and energy go into growing, processing, transporting, and eventually throwing away all that wasted food. At every stage of the food system, we create greenhouse gases that pollute the atmosphere and destabilize the climate, and deplete our increasingly scarce fresh water and fertile soils.

Most wasted food ends up in landfills, where it generates methane, a greenhouse gas that is up to 86 times more powerful than carbon dioxide.

Global methane emissions from landfills make up about 17% of all methane emissions, and are the third largest human source of methane—even greater than animal manure, which is fifth).

In the U.S. alone, the Environmental Protection Agency estimates that eliminating food waste would have the same impact on greenhouse gas emissions as taking a quarter of all cars in the U.S. off the road!

Related: 5 Ways to Stop Food Waste in Your Community

How to Make a Difference at Home

Does that all seem overwhelming? Yes, no doubt! But the good news is that your actions at home can help prevent this huge strain on our environment, and on your family budget. Solving these problems are as simple as doing your best to reduce food waste. The following ideas can help you get started:

Organize Your Fridge and Pantry

Take a tip from restaurants and practice “First In, First Out.” How does it work? Put your newly purchased foods in the back of the fridge, freezer or pantry so that the older foods are in front.

Once the older foods are in front, you’ll see them first, which can help you remember to consume them before they spoil.

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Label and Date Your Food

Get a permanent marker and some masking tape, and mark every food container with the date you opened it.

Before storing leftovers, clearly label what’s in the container and the date you prepared it. This way you’ll know exactly how old something is and where you should put it in your refrigerator or freezer. (see Organize Your Fridge and Pantry above).

Freeze It Before It Spoils

Your freezer can be an especially useful tool for preventing food waste. Many foods freeze remarkably well (even avocados!), so it makes sense to put them there if you know you can’t consume them before they go bad.

Don’t forget to label and date them, and use freezer-safe containers to prevent freezer burn.

Start Meal Planning

Meal planning is the single-most powerful thing you can do to save money and reduce your household’s ecological “food-print.”

People who meal plan make fewer trips to the grocery store, spend less money on food, waste far less food, eat healthier, and enjoy the peace of mind of knowing what’s for dinner after a long, busy day.

When you plan your meals, you’re essentially creating a food waste reduction strategy. You buy only the foods you need for the week, all accounted for in the corresponding recipes, and then you eat them according to the plan you’ve created. When you stick to your meal plan, everything gets used up, with little to no waste!

As an added bonus, one of the greatest benefits of meal planning is that it can help you be healthier. Whether you are trying to lose weight, manage allergies, or control a health condition, a good meal plan allows you to easily prepare the right kinds of food to meet your goals.

A meal plan can be as simple as writing down exactly what you are going to eat every day for a week, and then buying only those foods that will cover your plan.

But if you are like me, maybe you find hand writing a meal plan with the same old dishes every week to be a bit tedious. Or maybe you find creating a shopping list with exactly how much food you need for the whole week to be a bit of a logic puzzle, too.

Fortunately, technology has made meal planning easier than ever! My favorite whole food meal planning apps include:


RealPlans meal planning software advertisement

RealPlans is the meal planner I use the most because it has some unique and powerful features not found on any other meal planners out there.

RealPlans is not just a meal planner, but rather a totally customizable app that allows you to choose recipes from a huge library of over 1500, kitchen-tested Paleo, Primal, Keto, AIP, Traditional, Vegetarian, Whole30, Gluten-Free or Dairy-Free recipes. AND you can also import your own favorite recipes into the planner, if you like. You can choose recipes by season, mealtime, ingredient, diet type, and more.

If you need to adjust serving sizes or modify ingredients to suit your needs, it’s as easy as clicking a button. So if you have friends with food allergies coming for dinner one night, and the kids eating at grandma’s on another night, the app allows you to customize your plan and adjust your recipes to accommodate!

Once you’ve selected your recipes, your plan is neatly laid out day by day (with one main batch-cooking day and minimal time in the kitchen). From there, the app generates a detailed shopping list that loads directly into your smartphone to save you time and money.

No other meal planning app I’ve found offers all of this in one package. There’s a short learning curve to customize things just the way you like, but RealPlans will revolutionize your kitchen.

RealPlans offers a 10-day money back guarantee.


20 Dishes has five different meal plans to choose from: Paleo, Gluten-Free, Paleo Autoimmune, Classic and Vegetarian. You can change your meal plans or mix and match recipes from different meal plans anytime you want. You cannot import your own recipes, however.

Once you’ve selected the meal plan of your choice, 20 Dishes then offers you over 200 recipes to choose from. They are continually adding to these recipes to give you more options and variety.

Once you’ve picked your meals, then you’ll automatically be given the appropriate grocery list so you’ll know exactly what you’ll need. All meal plans and shopping lists are fully customizable based on dietary needs, preferences, allergies, etc.

Once you’ve chosen your meal plan, picked out the meals you want to eat for the week, and gathered all your items from the grocery store, they also give you a clear food preparation plan with videos that show you how to prepare a week’s worth of meals in under an hour. Then, on your meal day, you simply reheat your prepared meals or cook your dishes in under 30 minutes.

I love the 20 Dishes meal planning app because it makes batch cooking so simple that, even on really busy days where you might be tempted to eat out, you can easily enjoy a home-cooked meal instead. If you’re new to whole food cooking or batch cooking, the tips, videos and support in this program can really help you out!

All 20 Dishes memberships come with free meal planning support and a 14-day free trial.

simple-meal-planning-300250Plan to Eat

Plan to Eat is an online recipe organizer that takes all of your recipes and puts them into one place where you can plan, cook, and share them anywhere on any device. You can bookmark favorite recipes from the web, build meal plans, create shopping lists, and more.

Plan to Eat is my favorite basic meal planning app. It doesn’t come with any recipes, recipe substitutions, batch cooking plans or other bells and whistles; you have to do it all yourself. But it is the least costly of all the meal planning apps out there and does a good job of providing just the essential tools.

You get a 30-day free trial for signing up.

Thanks for doing your part to keep your food out of the landfill, so we can all breathe a little bit easier.

Updated September 20, 2021




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